Yes, but you must hot plug the Qio's interface card into the ExpressCard/34 slot of the 17" Thunderbolt MacBook Pro. The Qio will not be recognized in the 17" Thunderbolt MacBook Pro if you boot or restart with the Qio plugged into the ExpressCard/34 slot. See FAQ 632 for more infomation about compatibility connecting Qio via Thunderbolt.
This issue is now resolved. The Panasonic P2 driver included with Qio software version 1.2.3 and later is 64-bit compatible. Installing Qio 1.3.2 or later adds P2 support to systems running OS X in 64-bit mode, including Mavericks (10.9) and Yosemite (10.10)